What Caused the Recovery from the Great Depression?

Economic Episodes in American History: The Great Depression, Part 8

How did the economy recover from the Great Depression? In this video, expert David Wheelock of the St. Louis Fed describes the role rapid money supply growth and the New Deal played in the economic recovery from the Great Depression. “So, what caused the recovery? It's when the price level started to recover. From deflation, we turned the corner and prices started rising. When prices came up, the real interest rate went down, making it cheaper for firms to invest in plant and equipment, putting people back to work ... and you get increased spending in the economy.”

David Wheelock gives a presentation on “The Great Depression” as part of an economic education workshop at the St. Louis Fed. Recorded July 11, 2013.

Part 1: Why Do We Still Study the Great Depression? (5:55)

Part 2: Some Useful Terms (7:03)

Part 3: How Great Was the Great Depression? (3:06)

Part 4: The Great Recession vs. the Great Depression (6:25)

Part 5: What Caused the Great Depression? (9:59)

Part 6: The Role of Bank Failures and Panics (11:33)

Part 7: Where Was the Fed? (6:48)

Part 8: What Caused the Recovery? (3:47)

Part 9: Lessons Learned and Concluding Remarks (3:01)

For additional Great Depression-related multimedia resources, from newsreels to oral histories, visit our audio, video and interview series pages.

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