Racial and Ethnic Household Wealth Trends and Wealth Inequality

Line chart showing average real wealth by race and ethnicity for Black, Hispanic and white households

SOURCES: Distributional Financial Accounts and Institute for Economic Equity calculations.

NOTES: Quarterly data run from the third quarter of 1989 to first quarter of 2022. Vertical bars indicate recessions.

This figure shows average real family wealth by race and ethnicity. On average, all families experienced growth from 1989 to 2022, though the wealth of white families grew more consistently over that time frame. Average real family wealth was at its highest point for Hispanic families in the first quarter of 2022, and for white and Black families in the fourth quarter of 2021.

Line chart showing average real wealth gaps between racial and ethnic groups for Black and Hispanic households

SOURCES: Distributional Financial Accounts and Institute for Economic Equity calculations.

NOTES:  Quarterly data run from the third quarter of 1989 to first quarter of 2022. Vertical bars indicate recessions.

This figure shows the magnitude and persistence of the Black/white and Hispanic/white wealth gaps from 1989 to 2022. The average Black/white ratio was 24 cents per $1 over this period, while Hispanic families had 22 cents, on average, per $1 of white family wealth. As seen in the figure, Black and Hispanic family wealth has fluctuated relative to white family wealth from 1989 to 2022. However, the gaps (represented by low ratios) remain sizable. As of the first quarter of 2022, Black families had 24 cents for every dollar of white family wealth, while Hispanic families had 21 cents per every dollar of white wealth.

Bar chart displaying average real wealth by race and ethnicity, first quarter 2022 for Black, Hispanic and white households

SOURCES: Distributional Financial Accounts and Institute for Economic Equity calculations.

This bar chart shows the average family wealth for Blacks, Hispanics and whites in the first quarter of 2022. Black families had about $1,033,000 less wealth, on average, compared with white families, while Hispanic families had about $1,083,000 less wealth, on average, than white families.

Back to Top