CPI Market Basket Lesson for Grades 3-5

In this lesson, students will explore a market basket of goods and services and determine what is in each category in the market basket. Students learn that the consumer price index (CPI) is made up of market basket goods and services for which the prices are compared each month to determine if the price of any of the items has changed and if there has been inflation. Students will engage in role-play scenarios to understand the effects of inflation.

This lesson plan is designed for teaching grades 3, 4, and 5.


This lesson received the 2021 Curriculum Bronze Award from the National Association of Economic Educators.
Read more about our award-winning resources »


If you have difficulty accessing this content due to a disability, please contact us at 314-444-8624 or economiceducation@stls.frb.org.

Find More Economics and Personal Finance Resources

Education Level: Pre-K-5
Subjects: Economics Personal Finance
Concepts: Consumers/Producers Inflation/Deflation
Resource Types: Lesson
Languages: English
Back to Top