Is there a gender gap in promotions and pay in the top-executive market?
In this study, the gap is compared from one generation to the next. The changes in the wage gap are linked to changes in labor supply and to “statistical discrimination”—when women pay a price because many other women are less attached to the workforce than men are.
Do women make less because they choose jobs with hours that are more irregular than those taken by men?
The labor force participation rate for married men has dropped, while the rate for married women has risen. Husbands may be working part time or even staying out of the workforce, while wives—who have become more educated—are more likely to work full time.