Charles Gascon is a regional economist and a senior coordinator in the Research Division at the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. His focus is studying economic conditions in the Eighth District. He joined the St. Louis Fed in 2006. Read more about the author and his research.
During the first several months of the COVID-19 pandemic, small businesses in the U.S. borrowed more, while consumers reined in their spending.
Although the 2020 recession was likely the deepest in recorded history, state revenue losses have not been as severe as in past recessions.
New estimates of real gross domestic product for U.S. counties and metropolitan statistical areas show growth disparities in 2019.
During the spring, the COVID-19 pandemic caused the residential real estate market to decline an average 33% around the country.
Economists are using high-frequency data to provide a timelier snapshot of regional economic activity—especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Most counties haven't reached hospital bed capacity during COVID-19 peaks through June 30. However, about a quarter of counties are at risk of overcapacity if a future surge occurs.
States are facing complex decisions on how to regulate marijuana.
The business cycles of states can diverge from the U.S. cycle. Industry mix can help explain why.
Americans who primarily work from home represented 3% of full-time employees in 2017, up from 0.7% in 1980.
Economic growth in U.S. rural areas may be slower than growth in urban areas because of a different industry mix.
The lingering effects of the recession, declining affordability and other factors impact the housing market.
U.S. distillers face retaliatory tariffs abroad, but tourism related to whiskey remains a bright spot.
In 2017, the District’s farmers grew 19 percent of the country’s soybeans. But China recently imposed a 25 percent tariff on soybeans, creating uncertainties for U.S. growers.
St. Louis Fed supplements state and local employment data from the BLS, which provides just one revision a year.
Though representing a smaller share of the District’s economy, the health care sector created half of the District’s new jobs since 2007.
Requiring substantial R&D and skilled workers, advanced manufacturing has a big impact on U.S. output and exports, while its workers earn a wage premium.
Most job growth comes from startups and other new firms. But few of these firms survive long enough to have a lasting impact on job creation.
The rise of natural gas and renewable energy has hit the coal industry hard. Can the industry find new growth opportunities?
Why has the technology sector experienced robust expansion since the end of the Great Recession?
Of all the major commercial real estate categories, multifamily housing has strengthened the most since the last recession. It has shown so much growth that some are worried a bubble is forming.
The education and health services sector is the largest employer in the metro area these days. Manufacturing, especially that related to the auto industry, is still strong but not what it once was. Another challenge is the area’s slow population growth.
Working against Arkansas metro area are income inequality, no airport and Americans’ changing vacation plans.
This small MSA scores well on educational attainment, cost of living, employment in health care services and in other categories. Still, output and job growth are relatively slow.
Government employment has been a main driver of Jefferson City’s economy, more so than in many other state capitals. Now that public sectors everywhere are tightening their belts, Jefferson City—like many other communities—will look more to the private sector to maintain growth.
Once a slow-growing agricultural area, the Jonesboro MSA is changing so fast that some parts are hardly recognizable from what they were just two or three years ago. Employment is up 13 percent from before the recession. Housing prices were stable even when the rest of the country was seeing a crash. Manufacturing is growing.
In the District, about 40 percent of 25-year-olds were back living with their parents in 2013. That’s higher than in 1999. Both numbers were even higher for the country as a whole. The return to “the nest” varies, depending perhaps on such things as the labor market, the housing market and student debt in each locale.
The Bowling Green metropolitan statistical area has shared in the relative prosperity of this part of Kentucky, thanks largely to the auto sector, tourism and Western Kentucky University. Stability in the housing market has also helped.
Springfield, Mo., a city with a common name, has an economy with familiar successes and challenges. The health care sector is booming, and the cost of living is somewhat low, as are wages. But labor productivity seems to be subpar, and the poverty rate is above average.
Home to Walmart and several other large companies, this region has experienced unusually strong growth in population and income over the past half-century. Although the area was not immune to the Great Recession, Northwest Arkansas could be on the verge of another spurt, given that its economy often follows that of the U.S. business cycle, now in an upswing.
Economic growth in the Owensboro MSA has spurred local investments. Some see rising house prices as a positive sign; others are concerned about rising rents.
Despite lagging nation, St. Louis economy recovers in 2014, led by health care and financial service sectors. Housing struggles, but population growth improves.
Louisville is the focus in the first installment of this new data-driven feature in The Regional Economist. Unlike many other older cities, Louisville has smoothly transitioned from the industrial economy to the service economy, thanks in no small part to its strong health-care and food-service industries.
The benefits of a college diploma are many, including higher pay, lower unemployment, maybe even better health. Yet many high school graduates still do not pursue a college degree. This article examines several key reasons why more people aren’t making this investment in themselves.
An unprecedented amount of aid was extended by the Treasury, Fed and FDIC to companies, agencies and individuals. This aid was necessary and, in many cases, will return a profit to taxpayers.
The current declines in employment and income are consistent with what happened in previous recessions going back to 1969. Unique this time are the major drop in home prices and the proactive response by policymakers.