COVID-19 Research from the St. Louis Fed

The most current resources related to the COVID-19 pandemic from the economists and staff of the St. Louis Fed.

From President Jim Bullard

Expected U.S. Macroeconomic Performance during the Pandemic Adjustment Period, On the Economy Blog, March 23, 2020

More from President Bullard

More from the St. Louis Fed

Monitoring the Recovery of Vulnerable Workers and Their Families, On the Economy, October 14, 2021

U.S. Lending Activity during the COVID-19 Pandemic, On the Economy, October 11, 2021

Community Bankers Describe a Year of Challenges and Opportunities, On the Economy, October 5, 2021

Leisure and Hospitality Sector’s Recovery Complicated by Delta Variant, Regional Economist, October 4, 2021

Labor Force Exits and COVID-19: Who Left, and Are They Coming Back?, On the Economy, October 4, 2021

Domestic Debt Before and After the Pandemic Recession, On the Economy, September 30, 2021

The Evolution of the Job Finding Rate during the COVID-19 Recession, On the Economy, September 28, 2021

The Enduring Regional Economic Challenges Associated with the Pandemic, On the Economy, September 9, 2021

Foreclosure Rates and On-Time Mortgage Payments during COVID-19, On the Economy, September 7, 2021

Higher-Than-Expected Inflation, Delta Variant Could Slow Real GDP Growth, Regional Economist, August 27, 2021

Job Switching Rates during a Recession, On the Economy, August 19, 2021

Asset Values Surged during the K-Shaped Recovery, Driving Wealth Gains Higher, On the Economy, August 17, 2021

COVID-19’s Economic Impact around the World, Regional Economist, August 11, 2021

Child Care and School Disruptions Continue to Burden Working Parents, On the Economy, August 9, 2021

What You Need to Know about Unemployment Insurance, Open Vault, July 14 2021

What Has Been the Early Impact of States Halting Federal Jobless Benefits?, On the Economy, July 13, 2021

How COVID-19 Containment Measures Affected Unemployment, On the Economy, July 12, 2021

Older Millennials Experience Pandemic Hardships Unequally, On the Economy, July 6, 2021

A Post-Mortem of the Paycheck Protection Program, On the Economy, June 29, 2021

Gender and Labor during COVID-19, On the Economy, June 28, 2021

Commercial Loans Rise Sharply during COVID-19 Pandemic, Regional Economist, June 24, 2021

How Job Separations Differed between the Great Recession and COVID-19 Recession, On the Economy, June 22, 2021

Externalities: It’s What Pandemics, Pollution and Puppies Have in Common, Open Vault, June 2, 2021

Black-Owned Banks May Gain from Social Change, On the Economy, June 1, 2021

Household Distress during the COVID-19 Pandemic, On the Economy, May 17, 2021

The American Rescue Plan Resurrected a Key Small-Business Financing Program, Open Vault, May 12, 2021

Credit Card Deleveraging during the COVID-19 Pandemic, On the Economy, May 6, 2021

COVID-19’s Effects on Dual-Earner Households, On the Economy, May 4, 2021

Regional Economic Performance before the Pandemic, On the Economy, May 3, 2021

Did the Pandemic Spur Urban Flight? A Look at the Eighth District, On the Economy, April 27, 2021

How COVID-19's Economic Impact Varies by Geography and Race, Open Vault, April 21, 2021

Labor Market Engagement and the Pandemic’s Impact on American Workers, On the Economy, April 13, 2021

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Housing Distress during the Pandemic, On the Economy, April 12, 2021

COVID-19 and States’ Revenues: An Analysis, Regional Economist, April 6, 2021

Are We Really in This Together? The Divided Nature of the COVID-19 Crisis, On the Economy, April 6, 2021

Is Inflation Making a Comeback?, On the Economy, April 5, 2021

Women Affected Most by COVID-19 Disruptions in the Labor Market, Regional Economist, March 23, 2021

How COVID-19 Has Impacted Stock Performance by Industry, On the Economy, March 22, 2021

Is State Capacity Unrelated to COVID-19 Spread?, On the Economy, March 15, 2021

Barriers and Opportunities in the U.S. during a Global Pandemic, Open Vault, March 10, 2021

Young Adults Cope with COVID-19’s Economic Impact, Open Vault, March 3, 2021

College Freshman Enrollment Drops during Pandemic, Regional Economist, March 2, 2021

Should a Pandemic Necessitate Social Distancing?, On the Economy, February 23, 2021

The Pandemic Dents College Attendance, On the Economy, February 22, 2021

COVID-19 Containment Measures, Health and the Economy, Regional Economist, February 19, 2021

Economic Improvements Anticipated in the Months Ahead, Regional Economist, February 17, 2021

COVID-19 across Counties with Different Pre-Pandemic Financial Distress, On the Economy, February 15, 2021

Credit Spreads during the Financial Crisis and COVID-19, On the Economy, February 8, 2021

Black-Owned Banks and the Communities They Serve, Regional Economist, February 4, 2021

How COVID-19 May Be Affecting Inflation, On the Economy, February 2, 2021

Economic Forecasting during a Pandemic, On the Economy, January 25, 2021

COVID-19’s Impact on U.S. Home Production, On the Economy, January 19, 2021

The Household Shift from Paid Work to Home Production, On the Economy, January 18, 2021

COVID-19 and Unauthorized Immigration at the Southwest Border, On the Economy, January 14, 2021

A Look Back at Regional Economic Performance before COVID-19, Regional Economist, January 7, 2021

How Branch Closures Affect Access to Banking Services, Regional Economist, January 4, 2021

The Pandemic’s Impact on Municipal Bonds, On the Economy, January 4, 2021

Digital Banking: A Look at the Playing Field, On the Economy, December 31, 2020

Should Social Distancing Be Mandatory during a Pandemic?, Regional Economist, December 30, 2020

The “She-Cession” Persists, Especially for Women of Color, On the Economy, December 24, 2020

A Look at the Fed’s Emergency Lending Programs, On the Economy, December 22, 2020

A Tale of Two Business Cycles during the Pandemic, On the Economy, December 21, 2020

How the Pandemic Affects Minority-Owned Small Businesses, Open Vault, December 16, 2020

“I Never Lost Hope”: Minority-Owned Eatery Gets a Lifeline from Community Lender, Open Vault, December 9, 2020

Which Families Are Most Vulnerable to an Income Shock? A Look at Race and Ethnicity, On the Economy, December 8, 2020

Identifying the Most Financially Vulnerable Families, On the Economy, December 7, 2020

Does the National Debt Matter?, Regional Economist, December 4, 2020

Employment Losses in Contact-Intensive Industries, On the Economy, December 3, 2020

Improving Conditions Could Bode Well for Economic Recovery, Regional Economist, December 2, 2020

Financing the U.S. Response to COVID-19, On the Economy, December 1, 2020

Community Bankers Play a Vital Role in America’s Pandemic Response, On the Economy, November 30, 2020

To Grandmother’s House We Don’t Go: Travel Mileage in the COVID-19 Era, Open Vault, November 25, 2020

Did the Fed’s Dollar Swap Lines Work?, On the Economy, November 24, 2020

Anecdotal Evidence Suggests State Capacity Unrelated to COVID-19 SpreadRegional Economist, November 23, 2020

The Real State of Family Wealth: Will COVID-19 Worsen Racial, Educational and Generational Gaps in the U.S.?, On the Economy, November 19, 2020

COVID-19’s Ongoing Effects on Early Childhood Education in St. LouisBridges, November 16, 2020

V-Shaped Recovery Eludes G-7 Countries, On the Economy, November 16, 2020

The COVID-19 Recession in Historical Perspective, On the Economy, November 12, 2020

Rolling an Imaginary Die and Measuring Beliefs about Risk, Open Vault, November 11, 2020

Monetary Policy and Fiscal Policy Responses to the COVID-19 Crisis, Regional Economist, November 10, 2020

A Growing Trade Deficit? Medical Goods Imports Plays a Role, On the Economy, November 10, 2020

How Has the COVID-19 Recession Affected U.S. Labor across Occupations and Industries?, On the Economy, November 9, 2020

Learning from Experience: Why Nations May Have Responded Differently to COVID-19, On the Economy, November 5, 2020

COVID-19 Pressures Could Reverberate in Gen Z Futures, Open Vault, November 4, 2020

How COVID-19 Has Affected the Municipal Bond Market, Regional Economist, October 22, 2020

Four Considerations When Comparing the 1918-19 Influenza and COVID-19, Open Vault, October 21, 2020

How Does the Pandemic Recession Stack Up against the Great Depression?, On the Economy, October 19, 2020

Tracking the Economic Impact of the Pandemic Using High-Frequency Data, On the Economy, October 15, 2020

How Has the COVID-19 Pandemic Affected the U.S. Labor Market?, Open Vault, October 14, 2020

Jobs Hardest Hit by the Pandemic, On the Economy, October 12, 2020

The Impact of COVID-19 on the Residential Real Estate Market, Regional Economist, October 6, 2020

Home Production Activity during the COVID-19 Shutdown, Regional Economist, September 30, 2020

Small Business Lending Gives a Boost to Banks, On the Economy, September 30, 2020

Viewing the U.S. Financial Structure from the Financial Crisis to the Pandemic, On the Economy, September 24, 2020

How the Pandemic Has Affected Meals and Their Prices, Open Vault, September 16, 2020

Forecasts Point to Cautious Optimism for Near-term Rebound, Regional Economist, September 3, 2020

Using High-Frequency Data to Track the Regional Economy, Regional Economist, August 24, 2020

The Pandemic’s Effect on the Economy and BankingRegional Economist, August 24, 2020

How Should the Government Spend the Fiscal Budget during the COVID-19 Pandemic?, On the Economy, August 20, 2020

The Effects of Extra Unemployment Benefits on Household Delinquencies, On the Economy, August 18, 2020

The U.S. Financial Landscape on the Eve of the Pandemic, Regional Economist, August 17, 2020

How the Fed Has Responded to the COVID-19 Pandemic, Open Vault, August 12, 2020

Bank Supervision Adapts to Pandemic Challenges, On the Economy, August 10, 2020

Which Jobs Have Been Hit Hardest by COVID-19?, Regional Economist, August 10, 2020

The Recent COVID-19 Spike and the U.S. Employment Slowdown, On the Economy, August 4, 2020

Housing Distress in the Time of COVID-19, On the Economy, August 3, 2020

COVID-19 and the Great Recession: Market Hours and Home Production across American Households, On the Economy, July 14, 2020

Roundup: COVID-19 Testing, Stimulus Spending and the Phillips Curve, On the Economy, July 9, 2020

One Family Restaurant, Two Stories of COVID-19’s Financial Risks, Open Vault, July 8, 2020

Financial Distress and the Second Wave of COVID-19 Infections, On the Economy, July 6, 2020

Where People Live Plays a Role in the Pandemic's Financial Effects, Open Vault, June 24, 2020

More Households Face Food Scarcity during COVID-19, On the Economy, June 18, 2020

The Impact of the Fed’s Response to COVID-19 So Far, On the Economy, June 16, 2020

Corporate Bond Spreads and the Pandemic IV: Liquidity Buffers, On the Economy, June 12, 2020

Reading the Labor Market in Real Time, On the Economy, June 9, 2020

How Fast Are COVID-19 Death Rates Declining? U.S. vs. Other Countries, On the Economy, June 2, 2020

Hot Money Credits to Kick-Start a Stalled Economy?, On the Economy, May 29, 2020

How to Achieve a V-Shaped Recovery amid the COVID-19 Pandemic, On the Economy, May 29, 2020

COVID-19 and School Closures, Timely Topics podcast, May 26, 2020

Social Distancing, but Mostly during the Workweek?, On the Economy, May 26, 2020

Three Reasons Why Millennials May Face Devastating Setback from COVID-19, On the Economy, May 21, 2020

Ready for the Pandemic? Household Debt before the COVID-19 Shock, On the Economy, May 13, 2020

How Is COVID-19 Disrupting Communities across the U.S.?, Open Vault, May 13, 2020

Reopening the U.S. Economy an Industry at a Time, On the Economy, May 12, 2020

Corporate Bond Spreads and the Pandemic III: Variance across Sectors and Firms, On the Economy, May 11, 2020

The State of COVID-19 around the Eighth District, On the Economy, May 6, 2020

How Does the COVID-19 Crisis Differ from Other Shocks to the Economy?, Open Vault, May 6, 2020

Which Families Are Most Vulnerable to an Income Shock such as COVID-19?, In the Balance, May 1, 2020

COVID-19, School Closings and Labor Market Impacts, On the Economy, April 30, 2020

Reopening the U.S.: Gauging the Trend of COVID-19 Transmissions, On the Economy, April 28, 2020

How Will COVID-19 Affect the Spending of Financially Distressed Households?, On the Economy, April 23, 2020

Corporate Bond Spreads and the Pandemic II: Heterogeneity across Sectors, On the Economy, April 14, 2020

Is the U.S. Looking Like Italy? Projections on COVID-19 Death Rates, On the Economy, April 13, 2020

The Impact of COVID-19 on Labor Markets across the U.S., On the Economy, April 13, 2020

Protectionism and Dependence on Imports of Essential Medical Equipment, On the Economy, April 10, 2020

Corporate Bond Spreads and the Pandemic, On the Economy, April 9, 2020

How Much Does the U.S. Rely on Other Countries for Essential Medical Equipment?, On the Economy, April 8, 2020

How the Impact of Social Distancing Ripples through the Economy, On the Economy, April 7, 2020

COVID-19's Economic Effects on Poor and Emerging Markets, On the Economy, April 6, 2020

COVID-19 and Unemployment Risk: State and MSA Differences, On the Economy, April 3, 2020

COVID-19: Forecasting with Slow and Fast Data, On the Economy, April 3, 2020

COVID-19 and Financial Distress: Vulnerability to Infection and Death, On the Economy, April 2, 2020

How Closing Restaurants and Hotels Spills Over to Total Employment, On the Economy, April 2, 2020

House Hunting in a Period of Social Distancing, On the Economy, April 1, 2020

Retirement Savings: More Secure with the SECURE Act?, Open Vault, March 31, 2020

COVID-19: Projected Deaths in the U.S., On the Economy, March 31, 2020 

Understanding the Role of Monetary Policy in the Economy, Open Vault, March 31, 2020

COVID-19: What Do FREDcast Users Think about Economic Growth?, On the Economy, March 30, 2020

Economic Realities and Consequences of the COVID-19 Pandemic Part I: Financial Markets and Monetary Policy, Economic Synopses, March 30, 2020

Economic Realities and Consequences of the COVID-19 Pandemic—Part II: The Economy and Fiscal PolicyEconomic Synopses, March 30, 2020

How Fast Has COVID-19 Been Spreading?, On the Economy, March 27, 2020

COVID-19 and the Importance of Testing, On the Economy, March 27, 2020

“Parasite,” COVID-19, and U.S. Wealth Inequality, On the Economy, March 27, 2020

The Effects of COVID-19 on Unemployment Insurance Claims, Economic Synopses, March 27, 2020

Fiscal Policy and COVID-19: Insights from a Quantitative ModelEconomic Synopses, March 27, 2020

COVID-19 and Financial Distress: Employment Vulnerability, On the Economy, March 26, 2020

The St. Louis Fed's Financial Stress Index, Version 2.0, On the Economy, March 26, 2020

Understanding Supply and Demand Shocks amid Coronavirus, Open Vault, March 25, 2020

The Efficacy of Enhanced Unemployment Benefits during a Pandemic, Regional Economist, March 24, 2020

Back-of-the-Envelope Estimates of Next Quarter’s Unemployment Rate, On the Economy, March 24, 2020

COVID-19: Which Workers Face the Highest Unemployment Risk?, On the Economy, March 24, 2020

Social Distancing and Contact-Intensive Occupations, On the Economy, March 24, 2020

How Many Employees Are Prepared to Work from Home?, On the Economy, March 23, 2020

COVID-19’s Shock on Firms’ Liquidity and Bankruptcy: Evidence from the Great Recession, Economic Synopses, March 20, 2020

How Quickly Does Fiscal Policy Get Implemented?, On the Economy, March 18, 2020

Possible Fiscal Policies for Rare, Unanticipated, and Severe Viral Outbreaks, Economic Synopses, March 17, 2020

Fiscal Policy during a Pandemic, Working Paper, March 2020

St. Louis Fed President Jim Bullard

COVID-19 and the St. Louis Fed: A message from President Bullard