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Census 2020 survey form on desk in office with envelope
The U.S. population was expected to grow 0.72% in 2020, but the actual rate may be less than half that.
Read President Bullard's statement and our latest research.
The District’s economic conditions have been generally unchanged since the previous report.

News & Publications

A drop in U.S. enforcement encounters in the spring suggested the pandemic temporarily slowed unauthorized entry attempts, but such encounters have risen in recent months.

Federal Reserve districts
Each of the 12 Federal Reserve banks is overseen by a nine-member independent board of directors. Who are they, and what is their role?
construction workers on job site

New estimates of real gross domestic product for U.S. counties and metropolitan statistical areas show growth disparities in 2019.

We believe the Federal Reserve most effectively serves the public by building a more diverse and inclusive economy.

Interactive charts feature key U.S. economic indicators that update automatically.

From St. Louis Fed President Jim Bullard

January 13, 2021

St. Louis Fed President James Bullard shared his views on a variety of topics during the Reuters Next virtual forum. He spoke about several aspects of Fed policy, the arrival of vaccines, the possibility of higher inflation, and more.

FRED® Economic Snapshot

Who We Are

by Design

The Federal Reserve is a central bank system that includes the Board of Governors in Washington, D.C., and 12 independent regional Reserve banks.

This decentralized structure ensures that the economic conditions of all areas of the country are taken into account in the making of monetary policy.

Learn more about the importance of the Fed’s regional structure.


The Federal Reserve promotes a healthy economy and financial stability by:

  • Pursuing maximum employment, stable prices and moderate long-term interest rates
  • Ensuring safety and soundness of the nation's banks and financial system and protecting consumer credit rights
  • Maintaining stability of the financial system and containing systemic risk
  • Providing services to depository institutions, the U.S. government and foreign official institutions

Learn more about what we do.


The St. Louis Fed is overseen by a board of nine independent directors who are familiar with economic and credit conditions in the Eighth District.

The Bank's president, first vice president and a team of officers manage the Bank's day-to-day operations. The Management Committee is the central policymaking body of the Bank.

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