January 2008

January 11, 2008 | Bank of America Press Release

Bank of America announces that it will purchase Countrywide Financial in an all-stock transaction worth approximately $4 billion.

January 18, 2008 | SEC Filing

Fitch Ratings downgrades Ambac Financial Group’s insurance financial strength rating to AA, Credit Watch Negative. Standard and Poor’s place Ambac’s AAA rating on CreditWatch Negative.

January 22, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

In an intermeeting conference call, the FOMC votes to reduce its target for the federal funds rate 75 basis points to 3.5 percent. The Federal Reserve Board votes to reduce the primary credit rate 75 basis points to 4 percent.

January 30, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The FOMC votes to reduce its target for the federal funds rate 50 basis points to 3 percent. The Federal Reserve Board votes to reduce the primary credit rate 50 basis points to 3.5 percent.

February 2008

February 13, 2008 | Public Law 110-185

President Bush signs the Economic Stimulus Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-185) into law.

February 17, 2008 | United Kingdom Treasury Department Press Release

Northern Rock is taken into state ownership by the Treasury of the United Kingdom.

March 2008

March 5, 2008 | Carlyle Capital Corporation Press Release

Carlyle Capital Corporation receives a default notice after failing to meet margin calls on its mortgage bond fund.

March 7, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board announces $50 billion TAF auctions on March 10 and March 24 and extends the TAF for at least 6 months.

The Board also initiates a series of term repurchase transactions, expected to cumulate to $100 billion, conducted as 28-day term repurchase agreements with primary dealers.

March 11, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release | Additional Information

The Federal Reserve Board announces the creation of the Term Securities Lending Facility (TSLF), which will lend up to $200 billion of Treasury securities for 28-day terms against federal agency debt, federal agency residential mortgage-backed securities (MBS), non-agency AAA/Aaa private label residential MBS, and other securities.

The FOMC increases its swap lines with the ECB by $10 billion and the Swiss National Bank by $2 billion and also extends these lines through Sept. 30, 2008.

March 14, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board approves the financing arrangement announced by JPMorgan Chase and Bear Stearns [see note for March 24]. The Federal Reserve Board also announces they are “monitoring market developments closely and will continue to provide liquidity as necessary to promote the orderly function of the financial system.”

March 16, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release | Additional Information

The Federal Reserve Board establishes the Primary Dealer Credit Facility (PDCF), extending credit to primary dealers at the primary credit rate against a broad range of investment grade securities.

The Federal Reserve Board votes to reduce the primary credit rate 25 basis points to 3.25 percent, lowering the spread between the primary credit rate and FOMC target for the federal funds rate to 25 basis points. The Board also votes to increase the maximum maturity of primary credit loans to 90 days.

March 18, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The FOMC votes to reduce its target for the federal funds rate 75 basis points to 2.25 percent. The Federal Reserve Board votes to reduce the primary credit rate 75 basis points to 2.50 percent.

March 24, 2008 | Federal Reserve Bank of New York Press Release

The Federal Reserve Bank of New York announces that it will provide term financing to facilitate JPMorgan Chase & Co.’s acquisition of The Bear Stearns Companies Inc. A limited liability company (Maiden Lane) is formed to control $30 billion of Bear Stearns assets that are pledged as security for $29 billion in term financing from the New York Fed at its primary credit rate. JPMorgan Chase will assume the first $1 billion of any losses on the portfolio.

April 2008

April 30, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The FOMC votes to reduce its target for the federal funds rate 25 basis points to 2 percent. The Federal Reserve Board votes to reduce the primary credit rate 25 basis points to 2.25 percent.

May 2008

May 2, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The FOMC expands the list of eligible collateral for Schedule 2 TSLF auctions to include AAA/Aaa-rated asset-backed securities, in addition to already eligible residential and commercial MBS and agency collateralized mortgage obligations.

The FOMC also increases existing swap lines with the ECB by $20 billion and with the Swiss National Bank by $6 billion.

The Federal Reserve Board expands TAF auctions from $50 billion to $75 billion.

June 2008

June 5, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board announces approval of the notice of Bank of America to acquire Countrywide Financial Corporation.

June 5, 2008 | SEC Filing

Standard and Poor’s downgrades monoline bond insurers AMBAC and MBIA from AAA to AA.

June 25, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The FOMC votes to maintain its target for the federal funds rate at 2.00 percent.

July 2008

July 11, 2008 | FDIC Press Release

The Office of Thrift Supervision closes IndyMac Bank, F.S.B. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) announces the transfer of the insured deposits and most assets of IndyMac Bank, F.S.B. to IndyMac Federal Bank, FSB.

July 13, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board authorizes the Federal Reserve Bank of New York to lend to the Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae) and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac), should such lending prove necessary.

July 13, 2008 | Treasury Department Press Release

The U.S. Treasury Department announces a temporary increase in the credit lines of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and a temporary authorization for the Treasury to purchase equity in either GSE if needed.

July 15, 2008 | SEC Press Release

The Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) issues an emergency order temporarily prohibiting naked short selling in the securities of Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and primary dealers at commercial and investment banks.

July 30, 2008 | Public Law 110-289

President Bush signs into law the Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-289), which, among other provisions, authorizes the Treasury to purchase GSE obligations and reforms the regulatory supervision of the GSEs under a new Federal Housing Finance Agency.

July 30, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board extends the TSLF and PDCF through January 30, 2009, introduces auctions of options on $50 billion of draws on the TSLF, and introduces 84-day TAF loans.

The FOMC increases its swap line with the ECB to $55 billion.

August 2008

August 5, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The FOMC votes to maintain its target for the federal funds rate at 2.00 percent.

August 17, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

Following an intermeeting conference call, the FOMC releases a statement about the current financial market turmoil, and notes that the “downside risks to growth have increased appreciably.”

September 2008

September 7, 2008 | Treasury Department Press Release

The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) places Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac in government conservatorship. The U.S. Treasury Department announces three additional measures to complement the FHFA’s decision: 1) Preferred stock purchase agreements between the Treasury/FHFA and Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to ensure the GSEs positive net worth; 2) a new secured lending facility which will be available to Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the Federal Home Loan Banks; and 3) a temporary program to purchase GSE MBS.

September 14, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board expands the list of eligible collateral for the PDCF to include any collateral that can be pledged in the tri-party repo system of the two major clearing banks. Previously PDCF collateral had been limited to investment-grade debt securities.

The Board also expands the list of collateral accepted by TSLF to include all investment-grade debt securities and increases the frequency of Schedule 2 TSLF auctions and total offering to $150 billion.

The Board also adopts an interim final rule that provides temporary exceptions to Section 23A of the Federal Reserve Act to allow insured depository institutions to provide liquidity to their affiliates for assets typically funded in the tri-party repo market.

September 15, 2008 | Bank of America Press Release

Bank of America announces its intent to purchase Merrill Lynch & Co. for $50 billion.

September 15, 2008 | SEC Filing

Lehman Brothers Holdings Incorporated files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.

September 16, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board authorizes the Federal Reserve Bank of New York to lend up to $85 billion to the American International Group (AIG) under Section 13(3) of the Federal Reserve Act.

September 16, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The FOMC votes to maintain its target for the federal funds rate at 2.00 percent.

September 16, 2008 | Reserve Funds Press Release

The net asset value of shares in the Reserve Primary Money Fund falls below $1, primarily due to losses on Lehman Brothers commercial paper and medium-term notes.

September 17, 2008 | Treasury Department Press Release

The U.S. Treasury Department announces a Supplementary Financing Program consisting of a series of Treasury bill issues that will provide cash for use in Federal Reserve initiatives.

September 17, 2008 | SEC Press Release

The SEC announces a temporary emergency ban on short selling in the stocks of all companies in the financial sector.

September 18, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The FOMC expands existing swap lines by $180 billion and authorizes new swap lines with the Bank of Japan, Bank of England, and Bank of Canada.

September 19, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board announces the creation of the Asset-Backed Commercial Paper Money Market Mutual Fund Liquidity Facility (AMLF) to extend non-recourse loans at the primary credit rate to U.S. depository institutions and bank holding companies to finance their purchase of high-quality asset-backed commercial paper from money market mutual funds.

The Federal Reserve Board also announces plans to purchase federal agency discount notes (short-term debt obligations issued by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and Federal Home Loan Banks) from primary dealers.

September 19, 2008 | Treasury Department Press Release

The U.S. Treasury Department announces a temporary guaranty program that will make available up to $50 billion from the Exchange Stabilization Fund to guarantee investments in participating money market mutual funds.

September 20, 2008 | Treasury Department Press Release | Draft Legislation

The U.S. Treasury Department submits draft legislation to Congress for authority to purchase troubled assets.

September 21, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board approves applications of investment banking companies Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley to become bank holding companies.

September 24, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The FOMC establishes new swap lines with the Reserve Bank of Australia and the Sveriges Riksbank for up to $10 billion each and with the Danmarks Nationalbank and the Norges Bank for up to $5 billion each. The swap lines are authorized through January 30, 2009.

September 25, 2008 | Office of Thrift Supervision Press Release

The Office of Thrift Supervision closes Washington Mutual Bank. JPMorgan Chase acquires the banking operations of Washington Mutual in a transaction facilitated by the FDIC.

September 26, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The FOMC increases existing swap lines with the ECB by $10 billion and the Swiss National Bank by $3 billion.

September 29, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The FOMC authorizes a $330 billion expansion of swap lines with Bank of Canada, Bank of England, Bank of Japan, Danmarks Nationalbank, ECB, Norges Bank, Reserve Bank of Australia, Sveriges Riksbank, and Swiss National Bank Swap lines outstanding now total $620 billion.

The Federal Reserve Board expands the TAF, announcing an increase in the size of the 84-day maturity auction to $75 billion and two forward TAF auctions totaling $150 billion to provide short-term (one- to two-week) TAF credit over year-end.

September 29, 2008 | Treasury Department Press Release

The U.S. Treasury Department opens its Temporary Guarantee Program for Money Market Funds [see note for September 19]. The temporary guarantee program provides coverage to shareholders for amounts that they held in participating money market funds as of the close of business on September 19, 2008.

September 29, 2008 | FDIC Press Release

The FDIC announces that Citigroup will purchase the banking operations of Wachovia Corporation. The FDIC agrees to enter into a loss-sharing arrangement with Citigroup on a $312 billion pool of loans, with Citigroup absorbing the first $42 billion of losses and the FDIC absorbing losses beyond that. In return, Citigroup would grant the FDIC $12 billion in preferred stock and warrants.

September 29, 2008 | Treasury Department Press Release

The U.S. House of Representatives rejects legislation submitted by the Treasury Department requesting authority to purchase troubled assets from financial institutions [see note for September 20].

October 2008

October 3, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

Wells Fargo announces a competing proposal to purchase Wachovia Corporation that does not require assistance from the FDIC.

October 3, 2008 | H.R. 1424 | Public Law 110-343

Congress passes and President Bush signs into law the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-343), which establishes the $700 billion Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP).

October 6, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board announce that the Fed will pay interest on depository institutions’ required and excess reserve balances at an average of the federal funds target rate less 10 basis points on required reserves and less 75 basis points on excess reserves.

October 7, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board announces the creation of the Commercial Paper Funding Facility (CPFF), which will provide a liquidity backstop to U.S. issuers of commercial paper through a special purpose vehicle that will purchase three-month unsecured and asset-backed commercial paper directly from eligible issuers.

October 7, 2008 | FDIC Press Release

The FDIC announces an increase in deposit insurance coverage to $250,000 per depositor as authorized by the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008.

October 8, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board authorizes the Federal Reserve Bank of New York to borrow up to $37.8 billion in investment-grade, fixed-income securities from American International Group (AIG) in return for cash collateral.

October 8, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The FOMC votes to reduce its target for the federal funds rate 50 basis points to 1.50 percent. The Federal Reserve Board votes to reduce the primary credit rate 50 basis points to 1.75 percent.

October 12, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board announces its approval of an application by Wells Fargo & Co. to acquire Wachovia Corporation.

October 13, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The FOMC increases existing swap lines with foreign central banks. The Bank of England, European Central Bank, and Swiss National Bank announce that they will conduct tenders of U.S. dollar funding at 7-, 28-, and 84-day maturities at fixed interest rates.

October 14, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve announces additional details of the Commercial Paper Funding Facility (CPFF).

October 14, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The FOMC increases its swap line with the Bank of Japan.

October 14, 2008 | Treasury Department TARP Press Release | Additional Information

U.S. Treasury Department announces the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) that will purchase capital in financial institutions under the authority of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008. The U.S. Treasury will make available $250 billion of capital to U.S. financial institutions. This facility will allow banking organizations to apply for a preferred stock investment by the U.S. Treasury. Nine large financial organizations announce their intention to subscribe to the facility in an aggregate amount of $125 billion.

October 14, 2008 | FDIC TLGP Press Release

The FDIC creates a new Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program to guarantee the senior debt of all FDIC-insured institutions and their holding companies, as well as deposits in non-interest-bearing deposit transaction through June 30, 2009.

October 21, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board announces creation of the Money Market Investor Funding Facility (MMIFF). Under the facility, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York provides senior secured funding to a series of special purpose vehicles to facilitate the purchase of assets from eligible investors, such as U.S. money market mutual funds. Among the assets the facility will purchase are U.S. dollar-denominated certificates of deposit and commercial paper issued by highly rated financial institutions with a maturity of 90 days or less.

October 22, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board announces that it will alter the formula used to determine the interest rate paid to depository institutions on excess reserve balances. The new rate will be set equal to the lowest FOMC target rate in effect during the reserve maintenance period less 35 basis points.

October 24, 2008 | PNC Press Release

PNC Financial Services Group Inc. purchases National City Corporation, creating the fifth largest U.S. bank.

October 28, 2008 | Treasury Department CPP Transaction Report

The U.S. Treasury Department purchases a total of $125 billion in preferred stock in nine U.S. banks under the Capital Purchase Program.

October 28, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The FOMC and Reserve Bank of New Zealand establish a $15 billion swap line.

October 29, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The FOMC votes to reduce its target for the federal funds rate 50 basis points to 1.00 percent. The Federal Reserve Board reduces the primary credit rate 50 basis points to 1.25 percent.

October 29, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The FOMC also establishes swap lines with the Banco Central do Brasil, Banco de Mexico, Bank of Korea, and the Monetary Authority of Singapore for up to $30 billion each.

October 29, 2008 | IMF Press Release

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) announces the creation of a short-term liquidity facility for market-access countries.

November 2008

November 5, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board announces that it will alter the formula used to determine the interest rate paid to depository institutions on required and excess reserve balances. The rate on required reserves will be set equal to the average target federal funds rate over the reserve maintenance period. The rate on excess balances will be set equal to the lowest FOMC target rate in effect during the reserve maintenance period.

November 10, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board approves the applications of American Express and American Express Travel Related Services to become bank holding companies.

November 10, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release | Treasury Department Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board and the U.S. Treasury Department announce a restructuring of the government’s financial support of AIG. The Treasury will purchase $40 billion of AIG preferred shares under the TARP program, a portion of which will be used to reduce the Federal Reserve’s loan to AIG from $85 billion to $60 billion. The terms of the loan are modified to reduce the interest rate to the three-month LIBOR plus 300 basis points and lengthen the term of the loan from two to five years.

The Federal Reserve Board also authorizes the Federal Reserve Bank of New York to establish two new lending facilities for AIG: The Residential Mortgage- Backed Securities Facility will lend up to $22.5 billion to a newly formed limited liability company (LLC) to purchase residential MBS from AIG; the Collateralized Debt Obligations Facility will lend up to $30 billion to a newly formed LLC to purchase CDOs from AIG (Maiden Lane III LLC).

November 11, 2008 | Treasury Department Press Release

The U.S. Treasury Department announces a new streamlined loan modification program with cooperation from the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), Department of Housing and Urban Development, and the HOPE NOW alliance.

November 12, 2008 | Treasury Department Press Release

U.S. Treasury Secretary Paulson formally announces that the Treasury has decided not to use TARP funds to purchase illiquid mortgage-related assets from financial institutions.

November 14, 2008 | Treasury Department CPP Transaction Report

The U.S. Treasury Department purchases a total of $33.5 billion in preferred stock in 21 U.S. banks under the Capital Purchase Program.

November 14-17, 2008 | Lincoln National Press Release | Hartford Press Release | Genworth Press Release

Three large U.S. life insurance companies seek TARP funding: Lincoln National, Hartford Financial Services Group, and Genworth Financial announce their intentions to purchase lenders/depositories and thus qualify as savings and loan companies to access TARP funding.

November 18, 2008 | Senate Hearing

Executives of Ford, General Motors, and Chrysler testify before Congress, requesting access to the TARP for federal loans.

November 20, 2008 | Fannie Mae Press Release | Freddie Mac Press Release

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac announce that they will suspend mortgage foreclosures until January 2009.

November 21, 2008 | Treasury Department Press Release

The U.S. Treasury Department announces that it will help liquidate The Reserve Fund’s U.S. Government Fund. The Treasury agrees to serve as a buyer of last resort for the fund’s securities to ensure the orderly liquidation of the fund.

November 21, 2008 | Treasury Department CPP Transaction Report

The U.S. Treasury Department purchases a total of $3 billion in preferred stock in 23 U.S. banks under the Capital Purchase Program.

November 23, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release | Summary of Terms

The U.S. Treasury Department, Federal Reserve Board, and FDIC jointly announce an agreement with Citigroup to provide a package of guarantees, liquidity access, and capital. Citigroup will issue preferred shares to the Treasury and FDIC in exchange for protection against losses on a $306 billion pool of commercial and residential securities held by Citigroup. The Federal Reserve will backstop residual risk in the asset pool through a non-recourse loan. In addition, the Treasury will invest an additional $20 billion in Citigroup from the TARP.

November 25, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board announces the creation of the Term Asset-Backed Securities Lending Facility (TALF), under which the Federal Reserve Bank of New York will lend up to $200 billion on a non-recourse basis to holders of AAA-rated asset-backed securities and recently originated consumer and small business loans. The U.S. Treasury will provide $20 billion of TARP money for credit protection.

November 25, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board announces a new program to purchase direct obligations of housing related government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs)—Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and Federal Home Loan Banks—and MBS backed by the GSEs. Purchases of up to $100 billion in GSE direct obligations will be conducted as auctions among Federal Reserve primary dealers. Purchases of up to $500 billion in MBS will be conducted by asset managers.

November 26, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board announces approval of the notice of Bank of America Corporation to acquire Merrill Lynch and Company.

December 2008

December 2, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board announces that it will extend three liquidity facilities, the Primary Dealer Credit Facility (PDCF), the Asset-Backed Commercial Paper Money Market Fund Liquidity Facility (AMLF), and the Term Securities Lending Facility (TSLF) through April 30, 2009.

December 3, 2008 | SEC Press Release

The SEC approves measures to increase transparency and accountability at credit rating agencies and thereby ensure that firms provide more meaningful ratings and greater disclosure to investors.

December 5, 2008 | Treasury Department CPP Transaction Report

The U.S. Treasury Department purchases a total of $4 billion in preferred stock in 35 U.S. banks under the Capital Purchase Program.

December 10, 2008 | FDIC Press Release

The FDIC reiterates the guarantee of federal deposit insurance in the event of a bank failure.

December 11, 2008 | NBER Press Release

The Business Cycle Dating Committee of the National Bureau of Economic Research announces that a peak in U.S. economic activity occurred in December 2007 and that the economy has since been in a recession.

December 12, 2008 | Treasury Department CPP Transaction Report

The U.S. Treasury Department purchases a total of $6.25 billion in preferred stock in 28 U.S. banks under the Capital Purchase Program.

December 15, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board announces that it has approved the application of PNC Financial Services to acquire National City Corporation.

December 16, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The FOMC votes to establish a target range for the effective federal funds rate of 0 to 0.25 percent. The Federal Reserve Board votes to reduce the primary credit rate 75 basis points to 0.50 percent.

The Federal Reserve Board also establishes the interest rates on required reserve balances and excess balances at 0.25 percent for reserve maintenance periods beginning December 18, 2008.

December 19, 2008 | Treasury Department Press Release | General Motors Term Sheet | Chrysler Term Sheet

The U.S. Treasury Department authorizes loans of up to $13.4 billion for General Motors and $4.0 billion for Chrysler from the TARP.

December 19, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board announces revised terms and conditions of the Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility (TALF). Among the revisions are an extension of TALF loans from maturities of one year to three years and an expansion of eligible ABS collateral.

December 19, 2008 | Treasury Department CPP Transaction Report

The U.S. Treasury Department purchases a total of $27.9 billion in preferred stock in 49 U.S. banks under the Capital Purchase Program.

December 22, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board approves the application of CIT Group Inc., an $81 billion financing company, to become a bank holding company. The Board cites “unusual and exigent circumstances affecting the financial markets” for expeditious action on CIT Group’s application.

December 23, 2008 | Treasury Department CPP Transaction Report

The U.S. Treasury Department purchases a total of $1.91 billion in preferred stock from 43 U.S. banks under the Capital Purchase Program.

December 24, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board approves the applications of GMAC LLC and IB Finance Holding Company, LLC (IBFHC) to become bank holding companies, on conversion of GMAC Bank, a $33 billion Utah industrial loan company, to a commercial bank. GMAC Bank is a direct subsidiary of IBFHC and an indirect subsidiary of GMAC LLC, a $211 billion company. The Board cites “unusual and exigent circumstances affecting the financial markets” for expeditious action on these applications. As part of the agreement, General Motors will reduce its ownership interest in GMAC to less than 10 percent.

December 29, 2009 | Treasury Department Press Release

The U.S. Treasury Department announces that it will purchase $5 billion in equity from GMAC as part of its program to assist the domestic automotive industry. The Treasury also agrees to lend up to $1 billion to General Motors "so that GM can participate in a rights offering at GMAC in support of GMAC's reorganization as a bank holding company." This commitment is in addition to the support announced on December 19, 2008.

December 30, 2008 | Federal Reserve Press Release

The Federal Reserve Board announces that it expects to begin to purchase mortgage-backed securities backed by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and Ginnie Mae under a previously announced program in early January 2009 (see November 25, 2008).

December 30, 2008 | SEC Press Release

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) releases a report that recommends against the suspension of fair value accounting standards. The report was mandated by the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (EESA).

December 31, 2008 | Treasury Department CPP Transaction Report

The U.S. Treasury Department purchases a total of $1.91 billion in preferred stock from seven U.S. banks under the Capital Purchase Program.